Examination Regulations
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Text in German Language




Article 1:     Purpose of Examination

The forensic examination of writing concerns itself with written products of all kinds for the purpose of establishing the genuineness or falseness thereof and for the purpose of identifying the author and/or the production technique and the means used, such findings being intended to serve jurisdiction.


Examinations are possible particularly in the following specialised areas:


-    the examination of handwriting

-    the examination of writing produced by technical means

-    special examinations of materials.


The candidate shall undergo an examination to ascertain whether he/she has comprehensively acquired the specialized knowledge required to practice the profession of a forensic expert on the examination of writing and to compile appropriate expert reports.


Examinations are conducted as required and at the proposal of the Board. The candidate may choose to take the examination either in German or English.


Article 2:     Bearing the Professional Title

If the examination has been passed and the candidate admitted to the GFS, the President of the Society shall award the title "Expert on Forensic Examination of Writing (GFS)". The special field/s of work in which the candidate has proven his ability shall be mentioned.


Article 3:     The Examining Board

In compliance with Article 11 of the Articles of the GFS, the Examining Board shall consist of three ordinary members, who are elected by the Meeting of Members for a period of two years, and of whom one shall be appointed Chairperson of the Examining Board. A maximum of one Member of the Examining Board may be a Member of the Board of the Society.


The Examining Board may, with the consent of the Board of the Society, consult proven experts in examinations on special areas of work.


Article 4:     Admission to Examinations

If a person has been recommended for membership by at least two ordinary members, that person shall as a rule undergo an examination in compliance with Article 4 Paragraph 2 of the Articles of the Society, in order to prove the required professional ability. The Board of the Society and the Examining Board decides according to Article 4 Paragraph 2 of the Articles of the Society upon the question of admission to the examination.


To be admitted to an examination, the candidate must satisfy the following requirements:


1.  prove that he/she has had special education in the field of the forensic examination of writing;


2.  be able to work in a practical manner with the equipment and facilities required for his professional activities;


3.  have suitable aptitudes;


4.  have his/her financial situation in order;


Article 5:     Written Examination

The written examination comprises three examination papers. The first paper is a practical task from the special field for which the candidate has applied. In the second paper, the candidate must analyse an actual case and produce a complete expert's report.  The third paper tests the general and specialised knowledge in the respective special field in compliance with the Commissioning Rules for the public commissioning and swearing-in of writing experts.  If the candidate seeks recognition in other special fields, three examination papers must be written for each of those fields.


For the first practical examination paper, the candidate is allowed eight hours as a rule, for the expert's report two times eight (16) hours as a rule, and for the third paper four hours.


Article 6:     Oral Examination

As a rule, the oral examination shall last 60 minutes and for each other special field approx. 30 minutes. The subjects of the oral examination shall be, in particular:


-    the scientific fundamentals of the forensic examination of writing ;


-    the general physical/technical methods of document examination;


-    special methods and techniques of forensic examination of writing in the special field chosen;


-    the practical aspects of compiling experts' reports;


-    the law pertaining to experts.


Article 7:     Examination Results

The results of the Examination shall be termed "passed" or "not passed".


A record is to be kept of the progress of the examination, showing the subjects and the results of the examination.


Article 8:     Withdrawal, Cheating

If the candidate withdraws from the examination before the first examination paper, the fees paid shall be reimbursed after deduction of any costs incurred by the Society.


If the candidate withdraws from the examination after this point in time, provided that the reason for withdrawal is not "force majeure", the examination shall be regarded as "not passed". In such a case, the candidate has no claim to reimbursement of the examination fees.


If the candidate attempts to influence the results of the examination by cheating or by using impermissible means, the examination shall be regarded as "not passed".


Article 9:     Repeating the Examination

Whoever does not pass the examination may repeat it only once, however not before one year has elapsed.


Article 10:    Examination Fees

The examination fees for the first examination and for a repeat examination (each) are


-    for one special subject: € 1000,-,


-    for each further special subject: € 600,-.


Examination fees are to be remitted to the account of the Society before the examination.


Article 11:    Place and Date of Examination

The place of the examination and the date of the oral examination shall be determined by the Examining Board.


Article 12:    Examination Certificate

A certificate is awarded for a passed examination, signed by the President of the Society and the Chairperson of the Examining Board.


Article 13:        Waiving of an Examination


The Examining Board may waive a written examination according to Article 5, if there seems to be no need for after presentation of written documents of the applicant (publications, probationary expert reports).

Instead of the formal oral examination according to Article 6 an admission conversation may be conducted, preferably in the course of a congress or meeting of the GFS and serving the purpose of Article 1.

When a written examination is waived the examination fee is fixed to € 300,00 for one special subject and € 200,00 for each further special subject, deviat from Article 10.




The Hague, 16 June 1986

changed on 23 June 1999

changed on 26 May 2005

changed on 03 June 2010


(c) GFS 10´2011